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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


LAPIDO POLANCO, Suzel Ivón et al. Treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.1, pp.129-143. ISSN 0864-2176.

A literature review on the treatment of the choroidal neovascularization in the degenerative myopia was made. Published scientific articles of journals indexed in Pubmed and Cochrane databases, as well as basic texts that deal with this topic. No evidences of the benefits of the laser photocoagulation for neovascular lesions were found, whereas the photodynamic therapy seems to offer stability of the lesion and visual improvement after three years of follow-up. The use of intravitreous antiangiogenic drugs has currently achieved the best results in terms of lesion inactivation and visual recovery, but there are no controlled clinical trials that support their long-term benefits. Other treatment options are under research and development. The ideal protocol of treatment of neovascular myopic membranes has not yet been devised.

Keywords : choroidal neovascularization; degenerative myopia; laser photocoagulation; photodynamic therapy; antiangiogenic drugs.

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