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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


MOLINA CISNEROS, Ceija; ALEMANY RUBIO, Ernesto; TRIANA CASADO, Idalia  and  GONZALEZ RODRIGUEZ, Liudmira. Evaluation and recommended behavior in presence of vitreous retinal precursors of the retinal detachment. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.3, pp.482-499. ISSN 0864-2176.

The changes and the vitreous retinal anatomical variations predispose to rhegmatogenous detachment of the retina, so knowing them is very important for the adequate treatment of patients. Therefore, it was decided to make a review on the most important elements, with the objective of updating the existing pieces of knowledge on the topic. These precursors include three entities that, because of their physiopathology, can be present in the natural history of this illness: detachment of posterior vitreous, peripheral degeneration and retinal tear (symptomatic and asymptomatic). Additionally, some risk situations such as cataract surgery, posterior capsulotomy with YAG-laser, traumas and high myopia may also favor the retinal detachment. These precursors became more evident after the 40's, without sex or race preferences, and they are closely related to vitreous changes or to their liquefaction. The basic updated knowledge about these illnesses as well as the risk factors associated to the retinal detachment is important to adequate management and control of complications. The review clearly described the fundamental pillars in diagnosis and treatment of this type of clinical situations.

Keywords : precursors; vitreous-retinal; retinal detachment.

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