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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176

Abstract

VASQUEZ HERNANDEZ, Sissi  and  NARANJO FERNANDEZ, Rosa María. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of ametropias in schoolchildren from "Lidia Doce Sanchez" elementary school. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, suppl.1, pp.571-582. ISSN 0864-2176.

Objective: to describe the clinical and epidemiological behavior of ametropia in schoolchildren. Methods: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2011 in "Lidia Doce" Sanchez" elementary school in Marianao municipality, Havana province. The universe of study was formed by 178 students. A complete ophthalmologic exam was performed on 72 eyes. They were distributed according to the refractive defect, degree of severity, age, gender and frequency of amblyopia. Results: thirty six children suffered from refractive defect, being the slight type predominant. Astigmatism represented 55,5% of all the ametropies, being the compound hypermetropic the most frequent. Amblyopia was found in 3% of children. Conclusions: the behavior of the refractive errors was similar to that observed by other authors in domestic and international reports.

Keywords : myopia; hypermetropia; astigmatism; amblyopia.

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