SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.26 suppl.1Stereopsis in children operated on from strabismus at the Cuban Institute of OphthalmologyClinical and epidemiological characteristics of infant ocular traumas attended to in the emergency service author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


VASQUEZ HERNANDEZ, Sissi  and  NARANJO FERNANDEZ, Rosa María. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of ametropias in schoolchildren from "Lidia Doce Sanchez" elementary school. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, suppl.1, pp.571-582. ISSN 0864-2176.

Objective: to describe the clinical and epidemiological behavior of ametropia in schoolchildren. Methods: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2011 in "Lidia Doce" Sanchez" elementary school in Marianao municipality, Havana province. The universe of study was formed by 178 students. A complete ophthalmologic exam was performed on 72 eyes. They were distributed according to the refractive defect, degree of severity, age, gender and frequency of amblyopia. Results: thirty six children suffered from refractive defect, being the slight type predominant. Astigmatism represented 55,5% of all the ametropies, being the compound hypermetropic the most frequent. Amblyopia was found in 3% of children. Conclusions: the behavior of the refractive errors was similar to that observed by other authors in domestic and international reports.

Keywords : myopia; hypermetropia; astigmatism; amblyopia.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )