SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.26 suppl.1Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of infant ocular traumas attended to in the emergency serviceUpdating on the medical treatment of pediatric glaucoma author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176

Abstract

JIMENEZ RODRIGUEZ, Giselle; HERNANDEZ SANTOS, Lourdes Rita  and  SOTO GARCIA, Maby. Amblyopia found in school children of "Juventud de Acero" elementary school located in Caimito municipality. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, suppl.1, pp.593-604. ISSN 0864-2176.

Objective: to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of amblyopia in school children from "Juventud de Acero" elementary school in Caimito municipality, Artemisa province. Method: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study conducted in 5 through 11 years-old children from January to June 2011. The universe of study was 459 students, who attended the school during the 2011-2012 academic year. The final sample comprised 403 children whose visual acuity without correction was estimated; those with visual acuity smaller than 1.0 underwent ophthalmological test and refraction. The studied variables were age, sex, refractive error, etiology and severity of amblyopia. Results: it was confirmed that amblyopia affected 4.2 % of students, 76.5 % of whom presented unilateral amblyopia. The females represented 70.6% whereas children aged 7 and 8 years accounted for 35.4 % and 29.4 %, respectively. Mixed myopic astigmatism was detected in 20.8 % and the compound myopic in 16.7 % of studied children. The anisometropic amblyopia was observed in 47.0 %, followed by the refractive type in 35.3 %, being the slight form observed in 76.2 % and the acute form in 4.8 % of eyes. Conclusions: the frequency of amblyopia occurrence was low, and the unilateral type was the most observed mainly associated to anisometropia. The female students and those school children aged 7 and 8 years were the most affected. The most frequent refractive defect was mixed astigmatism. Slight amblyopia of anisometropic etiology prevailed.

Keywords : amblyopia; school children; population studies.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )