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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176


NARANJO FERNANDEZ, Rosa María et al. Myasthenia gravis and ocular myasthenia gravis. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2013, vol.26, suppl.1, pp.653-667. ISSN 0864-2176.

Myasthenia gravis is an illness characterized by weakness and fatigue of the voluntary muscles due to an anomalous transmission at neuromuscular juncture. The prevalence rate is approximately 5 cases/100 000 people. Myasthenia gravis can be bulbar, ocular or widespread. Clinical forms exist in the childhood such as neonatal transitory myasthenia, congenital myasthenia and juvenile myasthenia. The ocular facial and bulbar muscles are the most frequently affected by this illness. When the symptoms occur in the musculature close to the eye, it is named ocular myasthenia gravis. Once the ophthalmologist suspects of or diagnoses myasthenia gravis, a neurologist generally leads the confirmation tests and the treatment. The role of the ophthalmologist continues being important, since he should check the palpebral motility and dysfunction, provide the relief to symptoms and be alert to the probable amplyopia.

Keywords : myasthenia gravis; ocular myasthenia gravis.

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