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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176On-line version ISSN 1561-3070


VEJERANO DUANY, Alena de los Ángeles. Cytomegalovirus retinitis in a HIV patient. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.4, pp.741-746. ISSN 0864-2176.

Retinitis caused by cytomegalovirus is the most frequent opportunistic infection in patients with a lymphocyte count CD4 less 200 µL. The ophthalmological aspect of the lesions in most of cases is characterized by retinal infiltrates derived from the retinal necrosis caused by cytomegalovirus and the edema associated to hemorrhages. In general, these lesions are arranged in the same form as the temporal vascular arcades and go into the macula. Here is a 24 years-old Caucasian female patient , housewife with a history of ocular problems with no interesting data and positive diagnosis of HIV, She began an antiretroviral treatment four your ago, which was changed twice. The last one was administered on May 2011 and the therapeutic adherence was inadequate. Since then, she began losing weight significantly in a short period of time. Some months ago, she reported a progressive reduction of the visual acuity in the right eye and blurred vision. This case is very important because, due to the survival rate of AIDS patients, the occurrence of ocular diseases related to it will become more frequent. One of them is major opportunistic infection such as cytomegalovirus retinitis.

Keywords : HIV/AIDS; retinitis; cytomegalovirus; ocular manifestations.

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