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Revista Cubana de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0864-2176On-line version ISSN 1561-3070


BELTRAN SAINZ, Raisa Ivis et al. Ophthalmic complications associated to dengue fever. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2020, vol.33, n.2, e810.  Epub June 01, 2020. ISSN 0864-2176.

Infection by dengue virus is on the increase in tropical regions of Asia, Africa and America. It has been estimated that 50 to 100 million cases of this disease occur every year. Recent years have witnessed a rise in the number of reports of ocular manifestations in dengue patients. These manifestations appear 5 to 7 days after symptom onset, though they could also occur later, and the visual prognosis is generally good. A bibliographic review was conducted with the purpose of broadening knowledge about a topic not commonly dealt with in our environment. The search was mainly aimed at scientific papers from journals, published in the databases PubMed and Cochrane, as well as basic texts addressing the study topic in the last 5 years, using the search engine Google Scholar. Ocular manifestations were found to have been reported in dengue patients. These range from findings in the anterior segment without any visual alteration to more intense episodes affecting the structures of the posterior pole of the eye. The physiopathology of these findings is still being studied, and there is no consensus about its treatment. Despite the good visual prognosis of these alterations, cases have been reported of a different outcome. Therefore, a better understanding is required of their physiopathology to achieve a more appropriate therapy for each case.

Keywords : Dengue; arbovirus infection; Aedes mosquito; dengue-related retinitis; retinal bleeding; dengue-related maculopathy; ocular manifestations.

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