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Revista Cubana de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 1561-3127


PUENTES VALLE, Damary; RODRIGUEZ PEREZ, Lourdes Alicia; PUPO AVILA, Noria Liset  and  SIT PACHECO, Reinaldo. Group multicomponent treatment: an effective method against nicotinism. Rev Cubana Salud Pública [online]. 2019, vol.45, n.2  Epub July 15, 2019. ISSN 1561-3127.


Smoking habit is a chronic disease belonging to the group of addictions. In Cuba there are few references of publications that measure the result of psychotherapeutic strategies against this habit.


To evaluate the results achieved in patients that during one year received a group multicomponent treatment for smoking cessation.


Descriptive longitudinal research of evaluative type. The results were evaluated in 83 smokers a year after receiving multicomponent treatment for smoking cessation in the Department of Mental Health of Plaza de la Revolución municipality. A survey was applied and levels of carbon monoxide and carboxyhemoglobin were determined.


42,1 % of the patients keep without smoking a year after treatment, 21,7 % decreased consumption. Although more women went to receive help, a greater number of men achieved abstinence. Of the abstinents only 10 reported living with smokers, none had personal history of alcoholism and the 11,4 % was in pre-completion or completion phase. 91,4 % of former smokers had no carbon monoxide poisoning. In contrast, 91,7 % of those who continued to smoke had moderate levels of carboxyhemoglobin. The main benefits were improvement of health and economy, and as a group there was a pocket saving of 191 625 pesos. All patients expressed satisfaction with the treatment received and offered suggestions for its improvement.


The results of the use of the multicomponent treatment for smoking cessasion are satisfactory, instead of being nicotinism an addiction which is hard to control. It was provided information on smoking cessation in clinical contexts that allows improving cessation actions.

Keywords : nicotinism; group multicomponent treatment; cessation; abstinence; smoking cessation; co-oximetry.

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