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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

GONZALEZ SANTOS RODRIGUEZ, Gonzalo et al. Mortality at the intensive care ward as caused by acute myocardial infarction. AMC [online]. 2005, vol.9, n.3, pp.82-95. ISSN 1025-0255.

A descriptive and retrospective study on mortality, rate as caused by acute myocardial infarction was conducted with patients admitted to the intensive care ward of the M. Ascunce General Hospital, Camagüey, from January 2001 to December 2002. The medical histories of 50 patients who had died from were the sources. The amount of patients admitted (245) and of patients who had died from causes other than myocardial infarction (349) were also considered. With all theses data a form was filled in and, when processed statically, the degree of reliability was lesser than 0.5. The grater percentage of deceased patients (64, 1 %) was found to be between ages 65 and 85. High blood pressure and smoking were responsible for 92 % of the death rate where as some three to five other risk factors were responsible for 92 % of the death rate. The majority of patients (62 %) was given intensive care-but little thrombolitic therapy-six hours after. The prevailing medications were amines (68 %), plaque antiagglutinins (60 %) and nitrites (52 %). The most frequent serious complications was cardiogenic shock (64 %). AMI accounted for 44, 23 % of mortality and for 9, 17 % of the death rate at the intensive care ward.

Keywords : ADULT; AGED; HYPERTENSION; SMOKING; INTENSIVE CARE UNITS; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; MORTALITY; SHOCK CARDIOGENIC; EPIDEMIOLOGY DESCRIPTIVE; RETOSPECTIVE ESTUDIES.

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