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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

RAMOS CABRERA, Asmell; AGUILAR RODRIGUEZ, Maite C; VICTORIA BARZAGA, Héctor Oscar  and  MANRESA MARTINEZ, Iliana. Comparative study of the incidence of diabetes mellitus in two health areas. AMC [online]. 2008, vol.12, n.2. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: Diabetes mellitus exponentially increases its prevalence all over the world and it is cause of a high morbidity by its complications. Objective: To know the incidence of diabetes mellitus under the international current concepts in two health areas. Method: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was carried out where the World Health Organization criteria for diabetes mellitus inquest was applied in two basic work groups of the community Polyclinics «Ignacio Agramonte» and «Rodolfo Ramírez Esquivel» from January 1st, 2003 to January 1st, 2005. The universe was constituted by all the population of the work group 2 at «Ignacio Agramonte» Polyclinic and of the Group 1 at «Rodolfo Ramírez Esquivel» Polyclinic that comply with the World Health Organization criteria for diabetes mellitus inquest. The information source was obtained from the health situation state. The fasting blood sugar was utilized (GPA as cornerstone of the diagnosis). Descriptive statistics, percent distribution and incidence rate was determined. Results: An increment in the incidence rate of 465.5 for a hundred thousand people to 1687 for a hundred thousand people was reported, increasing the incidence percentage from 0.5% to 1.7% which was 3.4 times over the existing at «Ignacio Agramonte» Polyclinic. At «Rodolfo Ramírez Esquivel» Polyclinic there was a variation from 244 to 2400 for a hundred thousand people and in the incidence percent from 0.3 to 2.4 Conclusions: For the first time people with anomalous fasting blood sugar were determined with a total of 12 and 14 people for the «Ignacio Agramonte» Polyclinic and in the «Rodolfo Ramírez Esquivel», respectively.

Keywords : Incidence; diabetes mellitus; epidemiology; catchment area (health); comparative study; blood glucose; analysis.

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