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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255


PEDROSO DELGADO, Jorge Cesar  and  ZALDIVAR INFANTE, Araís. Cutaneous anthrax: a case report. AMC [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.1, pp.1-7. ISSN 1025-0255.

Introduction: anthrax or carbuncle is an infectious disease caused by Bacillus anthracis bacteria. In humans the infection most frequently affects the skin, the gastrointestinal tract or the lungs; it direct contact with parts of infected animals or by consuming their meat, in a occupational contact generally. Clinical case: a 64 years old, masculine, black race patient, agricultural worker as profession. During a period of 8 days, previous to his admission, presented fever, without specifying gradation, with shivers, declining, and pulsatile universal headache and lost of appetite; the patient also noticed local increase of the volume in the right periorbital region with purulent secretion, accompanying by painful and movable submaxilla. With these elements was decided his hospitalization. To the second day of being admitted a crustosus lesion appeared around four centimeters of diameter with a blackish color, of well-defined rims, with erythematous halo impeded him the palpebral opening. It was concluded this patient was in contact with meats of cattle. Conclusions: it was diagnosed him cutaneous anthrax; it was taking into account the epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory elements. To the twelfth day of treatment with crystalline penicillin, the crust came off in a spontaneous way, without any sequelae. In this case any clinical complication was not presented. The patient was discharged with a diagnostic confirmed by the laboratory, of infection by bacillus anthracis.


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