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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

MORALES MENENDEZ, Mariela  and  MORALES MENENDEZ, María. Clinical-epidemiological profile of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Jardinillos Health Center. AMC [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.2, pp.108-118. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is mainly characterized by a chronic limitation to little-reversible air flow. Knowing this disease facilitates giving the patients a better quality of life. Objective: to study the clinical-epidemiological profile of patients in Jardinillos Health Center, in Palencia area, to give them a better quality of life. Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was conducted in 228 patients with the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from January to December, 2013. A previously structured and codified form for collecting data was used to know the clinical-epidemiological profile. The clinical and epidemiological histories of each patient were revised. Data were analyzed by means of Excel program and the confirmed patients were included. Results: male patients between 71 and 80 years old predominated. The most seen comorbidity was hypertension and diabetes mellitus; a 61, 8 % of the patients were smokers. Regarding vaccination, a 65, 8 % of the patients were vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcus. The 86 % of the studied patients were negative to alcoholism. The 85, 96 % of the patients presented exacerbation of chronic obstructive disease and required a change in the treatment or admission in the hospital. Most of the patients belonged to the acuter phenotype with chronic bronchitis. The treatment with long-acting bronchodilators was the most used one. Conclusions: most of the patients were male and of advanced years. The most frequent comorbidity was hypertension and diabetes mellitus and a 61, 8 % of the patients were smokers. The acuter phenotype with chronic bronchitis was the most identified. The treatment with long-acting bronchodilators was the most used one.

Keywords : PULMONARY DISEASE, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE [epidemiology]; PULMONARY DISEASE, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE [genetics]; BRONCHODILATOR AGENTS [therapeutic use]; QUALITY OF LIFE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY.

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