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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

GONZALEZ-SABADO, Rita Irma et al. The domestic violence of children and adolescents in the neighborhood Tala Hady. AMC [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.2, pp.178-187. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

the violence or abuse of children and adolescents has been recognized by various authors as a complex and growing problem in recent years.

Objective:

to describe the personal and family factors present in the victims subjected to domestic violence in the neighborhood Tala Hady, municipality of Cazenga.

Methods:

the study populations were cases reported and attended due to domestic violence in the Police Delegation in the second quarter of 2015, a total of 31.A questionnaire created by the authors and the family test (FF-SIL) were used, the ethical procedures for the research were fulfilled.

Results:

the male sex was predominant, the group of 12-14 years old and 9-11 years old stood out, the majority had between 6-8 siblings, indicating that the families studied were very numerous. Referring to the types of violence, physical violence, sexual violence and psychological violence were found, but a good part of the cases suffer more than one type of violence, that is, they were exposed to various types of abuse and aggression by parents, stepfathers or stepmothers, dysfunctional families stand out, being the most relevant problems the abuse of alcohol or other psychoactive substances, economic problems and bad living conditions. The described factors constitute risk in children and adolescents compromising their integral development.

Conclusions:

it was possible to detect the presence of different types of domestic violence in the child population studied, with a marked presence of physical and psychological damage, mediating the dysfunctional family in the studied problem, which accounts for the negative influence that these situations can have on the physical and mental health of infants.

Keywords : DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; CHILD ABUSE; ADOLESCENT; FAMILY CONFLICT; FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS.

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