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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

VALLE-PIMIENTA, Tomás et al. Infertility and subclinical hypothyroidism. AMC [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.4, e7362.  Epub Aug 01, 2020. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

infertility acquires a growing boom in developed societies, it is considered as the inability to procreate after a year of active sexual life not protected by some type of contraception; the hypothyroidism that is defined as the hyposcretion of hormones by the thyroid gland is related to ovulatory problems, implantation, infertility, abortions and complications during pregnancy.

Objective:

to identify the presence of subclinical hypothyroidism in women with infertility.

Methods:

a cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out on patients treated in the assisted reproduction service of the Province of Pinar del Río, in the period from January 1st, 2017 to June 30th, 2019. Data were obtained from the medical records. For the analysis of the information, the statistical system SPSS (version 22.0) was used, a database was created in Excel 2010, descriptive univariated analysis was applied, descriptive statistics were used as the absolute and relative frequency distribution. The Student's T test was used for quantitative data and Chi square for qualitative data, both with a level of significance of 95% (p<0.05).

Results:

most of the women had secondary infertility. Subclinical hypothyroidism was more frequent in secondary infertility. The average values ​​of thyroid stimulating hormone were higher in women with primary infertility who presented significantly lower levels of serum triiodothyronine, half had an infertility time between two and five years. Overweight predominated.

Conclusions:

A higher prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was found among women with secondary infertility.

Keywords : INFERTILITY, FEMALE/etiology; INFERTILITY, FEMALE/epidemiology; HYPOTHYROIDISM/epidemiology; OVERWEIGHT; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY.

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