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Revista Archivo Médico de Camagüey

On-line version ISSN 1025-0255

Abstract

QUIROGA-MERINO, Luis Ernesto et al. Characterization of patients with COVID -19 according to clinical groups. AMC [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.4, e8414.  Epub Aug 01, 2021. ISSN 1025-0255.

Background:

the incidence of positive cases to COVID-19 in pediatric and adult ages has been increasing, generating collapses in health services due to the high numbers of infections around the world.

Objective:

to characterize patients of pediatric and adult ages; positive for COVID-19 in the Camagüey and Ciego de Ávila provinces, according to clinical groups.

Methods:

a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Dr. Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja Teaching Clinical Surgical Military Hospital, during the period from March 2020 to July 2020. The universe consisted of 90 diagnosed patients with Covid-19. The information collected in the clinical records was included in a form and clinical groups positive for COVID-19 were considered as dependent variables: asymptomatic and symptomatic, and as independent variables: age groups, sex, comorbidities, source of infection, complications and the groups according to symptoms according to the classification of the London King's College.

Results:

symptomatic patients were more frequent, the age group most affected was that of 27 to 59 years in both clinical forms, both sexes were infected in a similar way. Complications were more frequent in the symptomatic group, where pneumonia and bronchopneumonia were the most representative.

Conclusions:

symptomatic patients and the source of autochthonous infection were more frequent in pediatric and adult ages. Complications were rare in these age groups and pneumonia and bronchopneumonia the most common.

Keywords : CORONAVIRUS INFECTIONS; PATIENTS; AGE GROUP; SECONDARY CARE; CLINICAL EVOLUTION.

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