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Print version ISSN 1025-028X


PEREZ, Rocmira et al. Immunepotentiators for the Aquaculture. Vaccimonitor [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.1, pp.24-31. ISSN 1025-028X.

Aquaculture represents one of the fastestgrowing animal foodproducing sectors worldwide. One of the main challenges is to obtain highvolume production with the highest possible quality, this leads to reduce the use of antibiotics and chemotherapeutics. A promising solution to these problems is the application of immunepotentiatiors mainly in intensive farming. This article aims to review the main immunepotentiators, as well as the trends and challenges of global use of them. It summarizes the main molecular and functional characteristics with emphasis on those most studied such as levamisole, ß-glucans, lipopolysaccharide, vitamin C, plant extracts and hormones. All these heterogeneous compounds, mostly affect the innate immunity of fish, strengthening and enhancing disease resistance and some of them additionally have antistress effect and promote fish growth. We conclude that immunepotentiators are a viable strategy to reduce losses for health problems in aquaculture field, however, aspects such as administration route and appropriate immunization phase for each species remains to be solved.

Keywords : Aquaculture; immunepotentiators; stress; fish diseases.

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