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NOA LOPEZ, Josefina  and  MIRANDA VAZQUEZ, Margarita. Risk factors of suicide attempt in adolescents. MEDISAN [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.3. ISSN 1029-3019.

A study of cases and controls to identify the risk factors associated to suicide attempt was carried out in 162 adolescents of the health area belonging to "Julián Grimau García" Teaching Polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba in the biennium 2003-2004, of which 54 had attempted against their lives and 108 didn't have history of that behavior (the latter selected with a ratio of 1:2). There was an estimate of the relative rate (odds ratio in English) and the percentage attributable risk in the exposed individuals, as well as the significance or not by means of the chi-square test, with a confidence level of 95 %. Among the main variables analyzed there were: age, sex, occupation, educational background, familiar and personal pathological history, kind of family and others. The risk factors commonly associated to the suicidal behavior were: the family pathological history and the conflicts (familiar, economic and teaching conflicts), that is why it was considered that the direct intervention on the families, by the sanitary equipment and other staff qualified for this, will be a strategic link in the control and the decrease of this health problem.

Keywords : suicide attempt; adolescent; risk factors; health primary care.

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