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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


Risk factors associated to low birth weight. MEDISAN [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.7, pp.948-955. ISSN 1029-3019.

A case-control study of 210 newly-delivered women whose children were born weighting less than 2 500 grams (study group) was carried out in "Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso" Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba, during the 2008, to identify the risk factors associated with low birth weight. The control group was chosen from a systematic random sampling by consecutive order in this period. Among the causative risk factors of that deficit there were: rural origin, low gain of maternal weight, period between pregnancies shorter than 2 years, pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational age under 37 weeks. Breathing disorders and the vaginal infections constituted the main morbidity causes; and the urinary sepsis, the main mortality cause.

Keywords : low birth weight newborn; risk factors; newly-delivered woman; breathing disorders; vaginal infections; urinary sepsis.

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