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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


TRIANA CASADO, Idalia; MOLINA CISNEROS, Ceija; GONZALEZ POVEDA, Diana  and  CRESPO SURI, Maydelín. Clinical and epidemiological characterization of patients with retinitis pigmentosa and glaucoma. MEDISAN [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.5, pp.604-610. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction: The clinical coincidence of retinitis pigmentosa and glaucoma is very frequent. Objective: To determine the association between both diseases by means of clinical and epidemiological variables. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study in 85 patients classified at the National Reference Center of Retinitis Pigmentosa in Havana, during the first semester of 2010, who also suffered from some forms of glaucoma. In our cases the Classification of the Cuban School of Retinitis Pigmentosa was used. Results: These 2 concomitant clinical entities were found in 85 patients (9,37 % and rate of 0,09), mainly in those of 41-60 years (47,05 %), female sex (57,64 %), with simple chronic glaucoma (54,11 %), and family history of glaucoma (14,11 %), retinitis pigmentosa typical of grade IV (40,0 %) and a course of the disease between 10 and 20 years. Conclusions: The common association of both diseases causes severe visual disability due to overlapping of their individual effects.

Keywords : retinitis pigmentosa; glaucoma; Center of Retinitis Pigmentosa.

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