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NAVARRO RODRIGUEZ, Zadis; SAFONTS FERRER, Jeisa Rosa; GUIBERT USATORRES, Yanisleidis  and  PORTO CASTELLANOS, Mercedes del Rosario. Prognosis factors related to mortality due to pneumonia associated to mechanical ventilation. MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.1, pp.61-67. ISSN 1029-3019.

An observational, analytic and retrospective study of 45 patients with pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation, assisted in the Intensive Care Unit of "Saturnino Lora Torres" Provincial Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from May, 2011 to the same month of 2012, with the aim of identifying the prognosis factors related to mortality due to that cause. There was no statistical association between the number of deaths as a result of pneumonia and the sedation, reintubations, emergency intubations, as well as with the initial disease; however, an increment of this variable existed in the affected patients with long lasting pneumonias, advanced age, gastric protection, previous administration of antimicrobians, inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy, associated diseases and in those who remained in coma. It was demonstrated that the lasting duration of mechanical ventilation and the prolonged stay also influenced in the deaths

Keywords : pneumonia; mechanical ventilation; prognosis factor; mortality; Intensive Care Unit; secondary health care.

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