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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


SAGARO DEL CAMPO, Nelsa  and  SANCHEZ SILOT, Caridad. Bronchial asthma in children 5 to14 years from a health area of Santiago de Cuba . MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.625-633. ISSN 1029-3019.

An observational study was carried in 158 children with bronchial asthma -- selected by a two-stage cluster sampling -- attended and monitored by this disease in the health area from "José Martí Pérez" Teaching Polyclinic of Santiago de Cuba during 2011, in order to estimate the prevalence of the main clinical and epidemiological characteristics in them. In the study homogeneity of the female sex was observed in all age groups, in spite of a slight predominance of males 10 to 14 years, as well as primacy of the disease between past medical history and allergic conjunctivitis as family history. Likewise, severe persistent asthma had a higher percentage and triggers of asthma attacks were, in decreasing order of frequency, household allergens, cigarette smoke, and infections, exercises, domestic pollutants and medications. The most common treatment was based on bronchodilators and the less common on chromones; as long as the overcrowding was the most observed adverse factor in the homes of these children and the control of disease was usually partial.

Keywords : bronchial asthma; child; bronchodilators; primary health care.

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