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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


FUENTES DIAZ, Zaily  and  RODRIGUEZ SALAZAR, Orlando. Prophylaxis of nauseas and vomiting after the open cholecystectomy . MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.5, pp.811-819. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction: the pathogenesis of nauseas and vomiting in the postoperative period is not defined, but its multifactorial character is known.Objective: to determine the association between the risk factors of nauseas and vomiting with medications, such as: ondansetron, dexamethasone and droperidol in the patients after the open cholecystectomy. Methods: an analytical study of 93 affected and surgically treated patients was carried out in "Armando Enrique Cardoso" General Hospital at Guáimaro, Camagüey, from January, 2011 to the same month of 2012. The case material was distributed into 3 study groups (ON, DEX and DR), according to the medication prescribed to them. Results: the risk factors associated with nauseas and vomiting during the postoperative period were the female sex, non smokers, general anesthesia with good prevention and the use of ondansetron, as well as the moderate emetic risk according to Apfel stratification.

Keywords : postoperative period; anesthesia ; nausea; vomiting; secondary health care.

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