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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


TOIRAC LAMARQUE, Abelardo Salvador; PASCUAL LOPEZ, Viviana; MARTINEZ JIMENEZ, Asdrúbal  and  AREA SUAREZ, Rosa Isabel. Fetal macrosomia in non-diabetic mothers. Minimal characterization . MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.10, pp.6052-6062. ISSN 1029-3019.

Macrosomia is an oversized body due to various causes. Different risk factors also affect mother and child, so that a retrospective and cross-sectional case-control study (214 mothers with macrosomic newborns and 321 mothers with normal weight infants) was carried out. They were selected from a total of 3 108 pregnant women attended in "Tamara Bunke Bider" Gynecoobstetric Teaching Hospital of Santiago de Cuba during 2011. 11 factors were evaluated and the required statistical analysis was performed, based on the odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval, and the chi-square test with 3 significance levels: I, p≤ 0.05 (standard); II, p≤ 0.01 (high) and III, p≤0.001 (very high). Risk factors identified were maternal age, macrosomic children in previous deliveries, gestational age at delivery, infant sex and type of delivery; in addition, the results of perinatal morbidity and mortality were satisfactory when compared with those of the literature reviewed.

Keywords : fetal macrosomia; accelerated growth; gestational age.

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