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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


OLIVA CORUJO, Lianne; VILA BENITEZ, Juan; PENA OLIVA, Sándor  and  ARCE FROMETA, Nelson. Risk of pulmonary embolism and prophylactic treatment in critically ill patients admitted to an intermediate care unit. MEDISAN [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.10, pp.6064-6071. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study of 96 patients, admitted to the Intermediate Care Unit of "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from January to June 2012, with the objective of identifying and stratifying the risk factors of pulmonary embolism, as well as the use of the prophylactic treatment during the hospital stay of the affected patients. The risk factors were determined and they were stratified in: low, moderate, high and very high, keeping in mind if they had indication or not of some type of prophylactic treatment, which was related to the hospital stay. It was verified that most of the affected patients had more than 2 risk factors associated, such as prolonged bedridding, age higher than 40 years, sepsis and certain comorbidity type, that allowed to classify them as high or very high risk cases of pulmonary embolism; however, prophylactic treatment was indicated just in half of them.

Keywords : pulmonary embolism; risk factor; prophylactic treatment; Intermediate Care Unit; secondary health care.

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