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DIAZ FERNANDEZ, José Manuel; PUIG RAVINAL, Luis Emilio  and  VIVES FOLGAR, Carmen Beatriz. Epidemiological, clinical therapeutic profile of odontogenic cysts in Santiago de Cuba. MEDISAN [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.1, pp.52-60. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive, prospective, longitudinal study of 230 odontogenic cysts of the oral cavity was carried out, which were surgically treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of "Saturnino Lora” Provincial Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital of Santiago de Cuba, from 2000 to 2008, to characterize them from the clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic points of view. The main results revealed a higher incidence of inflammatory cysts than development cysts, with ratio of 1.8:1. Male sex prevailed in both groups, with ratio of 2.4:1 relative to female sex. The overall mean age was 38.4±11.2 years (with a range between 18 and 71 years) and the size of 3.01±1.54 cm. There was a prevalence of mandibular cysts in these groups, being the areas of molar bicuspids (maxilla) and of lower third molar the most affected. The technique of choice treatment was cystectomy, associated or not with filling in cystic cavity. Overall recurrence rate was low and cystotomy had a higher percentage due to keratocysts. Peroperative and postoperative complications showed low morbidity

Keywords : odontogenic cysts; inflammatory cyst; development cyst; cystectomy; marsupialization.

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