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AGUILAR VALLEJO, María Isabel et al. Periodontal disease and climaterium. MEDISAN [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.2, pp.151-157. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 282 patients who were in the climacteric stage and were assisted in the Endocrinology Department of the Specialties Polyclinic from "Saturnino Lora Torres" Clinical Surgical Teaching Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the 2012, with the aim of characterizing the periodontal disease in this group according to variables of clinical, periodontal and epidemiological interest. It was obtained that the severity of the gingival and periodontal disease was directly related to the degrees of mean and poor oral hygiene, with prevalence of the gingivitis (90.4%), of the severe gingivitis (81.7%), as well as of the established periodontitis with mean oral hygiene (79.1%) and of the terminal periodontitis with poor oral hygiene (76.0%); also, gingivitis turned out to be the most common disorder in both stages of the climacteric period (67.9 and 35.3% in the premenopausic and posmenopausic women, respectively). It was demonstrated that, as the years pass without estrogenic effect, the risk for the disease increases, without existing relationship between it and the age in which menopause or the severity of the climacteric syndrome took place. It is recommended to continue the investigations to know the periodontal disease in climacteric patients at a national scale and to implement programs aimed at its prevention.

Keywords : woman; periodontal disease; climacterium; menopause.

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