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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


GONZALEZ CALZADILLA, María Esperanza et al. Adverse reactions to the radiation treatment in the elderly with cancer. MEDISAN [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.1, pp.18-25. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive and cross-sectional study to characterize clinically 707 patients with cancer, treated in "Conrado Benítez García" Teaching Provincial Oncological Hospital from Santiago de Cuba was carried out during the year 2013, for presenting secondary adverse reactions to the radiotherapy. Toxicity (68.4%) was present in 484 affected patients from the case material. The male sex, the age group 60-70 years, the prostate and breast tumors, as well as the clinical stage II prevailed. Among the most frequent adverse reactions there were: radiodermitis, rectitis and anemia. Hypertension, cardiopathies and cerebrovascular diseases were associated to the tumor. There were more adverse reactions when the concurrent radiotherapy was used with chemotherapy, and the complete remission was achieved in the patients who didn't interrupt the treatment

Keywords : aged adult; cancer; radiation treatment; adverse reaction; secondary health care.

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