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FERNANDEZ LOPEZ, Olga et al. Risk factors related to the postoperative infections. MEDISAN [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.2, pp.132-142. ISSN 1029-3019.

A descriptive and observational serial cases investigation, based on the 258 patients that presented infectious postoperative complications, after undergoing surgical interventions, either in an elective way or as an emergency, was carried out from January, 2012 to December, 2014. Among the main results there was a prevalence of the patients older than 60 (38.4%) and those undergone surgery as an emergency (82.1%); reason why it was observed that the interventions classified as polluted (43.4%) and dirty (23.6%) occupied an important place in the genesis of this complication. It was also more frequent the infection of the superficial operative place (55.5%) regarding the rest of the localizations. It was concluded that factors as the intervention contamination level, the long-lasting surgical time, preoperative physical state in the classes II and III of the American Society of Anesthesiology, operation type and the patient's age, were decisive in the emergence of postsurgical infections

Keywords : postoperative infection; risk factors; prediction factors; secondary health care.

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