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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


ACOSTA SANCHEZ, Dainer Rogelio et al. Bronchoscopic and histologic aspects in patients with lung cancer. MEDISAN [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.3, pp.431-442.  Epub June 08, 2020. ISSN 1029-3019.


It is denominated as lung cancer to a group of diseases resulting from the abnormal growth of cells of the breathing tract, in particular of the lung tissue.


To determine the useful bronchoscopic and histologic aspects in the confirmation of the diagnosis of these neoplasms.


A descriptive and cross-sectional investigation of the 346 patients assisted due to lung cancer in the Pulmonology Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba during 2016 and 2017 to whom a bronchoscopy was carried out. The variables used were age, sex, diagnostic technique used, histopatologic diagnosis and more frequent localization.


The patients aged 56 and 75 (66.1 %), as well as the male sex (65.0 %) prevailed. The bronchial biopsy was the procedure that mostly revealed the presence of cancer (61.3 %) and the most frequent histologic type was the squamous cell carcinoma (67.8 %).


The importance of bronchoscopy and its diagnostic procedures to confirm the existence of the morbid process was demonstrated.

Keywords : lung cancer; squamous cell carcinoma; adenocarcinoma; bronchoscopic findings; fibrobronchoscopy.

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