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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


PEREZ ARENAS, Diana Valentina  and  PEREZ AVENDANO, Jazbleydi. Microbiologic characteristics of periimplantitis and periodontitis. MEDISAN [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.5, pp.982-1003.  Epub Oct 14, 2020. ISSN 1029-3019.

A systematic literature review is presented to clarify differences between the group of microbiologic characteristics of peri-Implantitis and periodontitis. According to the PRISMA declaration, searches in databases were carried out (PubMed, EBSCOhost, LILACS, Web Of Science and Clinical Key) and original works and systematic reviews were selected where comparing or analyzing microbiologic data obtained from samples of subgingival biofilms of patients with periodontitis and peri-Implantitis. The weight of evidence was evaluated by means of the Newcastle-Ottawa and PRISMA scales. Of the 335 identified works, 12 were included, of which 9 were observational studies and 3 systematic reviews. It was obtained that the microbiologic characteristics associated with peri-Implantitis are similar to those of periodontitis because they share a percentage of their microbiota, as the case of the periodontopathogen agents; however, bacterias only related to the peri-implantar line were found. Finally, it is remarkable that in peri-Implantitis are bacterias that are mostly gramnegative anaerobias, periodontopathogens, opportunists and noncultivable; that is to say that their microbiologic characteristics are complex and differ from the specific characteristics of periodontitis.

Keywords : peri-Implantitis; periodontitis; microbiota; bacterias.

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