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MEDISAN

On-line version ISSN 1029-3019

Abstract

PENA SISTO, Maritza  and  LOPEZ BARROSO, Reinaldo. Design and validation of a preterm birth risk scale with a periodontal approach. MEDISAN [online]. 2023, vol.27, n.4, e4647.  Epub Aug 02, 2023. ISSN 1029-3019.

Introduction:

The risk scale designed to estimate the probability of preterm birth with periodontal approach should be validated before its implementation in the clinical practice.

Objective:

To design and validate a risk scale of preterm birth with periodontal approach.

Methods:

A cases and controls analytic study of 1152 newly-delivered women admitted to maternal hospitals in Santiago de Cuba province was carried out in the period 2011 - 2022, and 2 samples were selected: one of pattern construction (n=750) and another of scale validation(n=402). The possible predictors were determined through the single varied analysis and odds ratio calculation, with a significance level of p≤0.05; also, a multivariate binary logistical regression model was elaborated and the risk scale was obtained, which was validated by different methods.

Results:

The scale was obtained with 7 predictors and 2 risk stratum. It reached a good discrimination (80%), as well as a good adjustment level and construction validity (p=0.72). Likewise, it assured a correct prediction of more than 50% of preterm births, acceptable sensibility and specificity values (79.20 and 70.20%, respectively), as well as adequate content validity, internal validity and reliability.

Conclusions:

The risk scale to stratify the risk of preterm birth includes predictors of periodontal disease severity, with good validation parameters to be used in the decisions making to prevent this type of childbirth.

Keywords : risk scale; periodontal disease; periodontitis; preterm birth; prediction model.

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