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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


LEON BUENO, Dayma; SMITH SALAZAR, Liurka Isabel; MARIN MENDEZ, Mayelin  and  PUENTE PERPINAN, Magaly. Predisposing factors to non-communicable diseases in a health area from Santiago de Cuba municipality. MEDISAN [online]. 2023, vol.27, n.4, e4461.  Epub Aug 15, 2023. ISSN 1029-3019.


Nowadays non-communicable diseases are a serious problem that affects the health of the population, with a worrying upward tendency.


To identify the predisposing factors to non-communicable diseases in patients from a health area.


An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study of 286 individuals, chosen by a two-stage random sampling in Josué País García health area from Santiago de Cuba municipality, was carried out during 2021. The analyzed variables were personal pathological history, consumption of tobacco and alcohol products, dietary habits and nutritional evaluation. The absolute frequencies, percentage and prevalence rate were used as summary measures for qualitative variables; the arithmetic mean and the minimum and interval of confidence were used for quantitative variables.


The highest risk of presenting hypertension was in females (35.6%) and there was a high prevalence of smokers in men (30.5%) and women (27.7%). Also, the exposure to tobacco smoke (passive smokers) and alcohol consumption at an early age (25-34 years) prevailed. Of those interviewed, 33.3% was overweight and obese.


The predisposing factors to non-communicable diseases could be associated with the non healthy lifestyle as the consumption of tobacco and alcohol products, inadequate dietary habits and overweight.

Keywords : non communicable diseases; nicotine addiction; alcoholism; diet; nutritional evaluation.

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