SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.27 issue6Space conglomerates of mortality due to cancer, ischemic heart disease and ischemic cerebrovascular disease in Santiago de Cuba provinceMicrobiologic characteristics of the pneumococcus disease in children under 5 years from Santiago de Cuba author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO



On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


DUENAS RODRIGUEZ, Yasnier; RODRIGUEZ PUGA, Rolando  and  RODRIGUEZ ABALO, Orisel del Carmen. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of mothers with preterm and low weight infants. MEDISAN [online]. 2023, vol.27, n.6  Epub Nov 27, 2023. ISSN 1029-3019.


Preterm birth and low birth weight constitute a health problem worldwide, since they represent an important predictor of development and postnatal growth, as well as an indicator of newborn morbidity and mortality.


To characterize mothers with preterm and low weight infants according to clinical and epidemiological variables.


A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January to December, 2022, of 35 mothers with preterm and low weight infants, belonging to the East Area Teaching Polyclinic in Camagüey city. Age, nutritional state, risk classification, prenatal control, preconcepcional reproductive risk, multidisciplinary visits, diseases characteristic of pregnancy, birth state, detected deficiencies and causes were among the analyzed variables.


In the series there was prevalence of the 35 and over age group (25.7%), obesity (37.1%), high risk mothers (45.7%) who received among 8-14 prenatal controls, and bad obstetric history (31.4%). On the other hand, 22.9% of the mothers had low weight children and 31.4% preterm children; as long as there were difficulties in follow up due to absences (57.1%).


The mothers presented unfavorable clinical and epidemiological characteristics, such as the 35 and over years, obesity, high risk, bad obstetric history and vaginal infection as a disease characteristic of pregnancy, which influenced the infants to be preterm or low weight, or both.

Keywords : pregnancy; low birth weight infant; premature infant; risk factors.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )