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On-line version ISSN 1029-3019


JACAS PORTUONDO, Ana Lucía; GIRON JACAS, Arfrank  and  LOPEZ PUPO, Natacha. Risk factors and comorbidities in patients with grade I and II acne vulgaris. MEDISAN [online]. 2023, vol.27, n.6  Epub Dec 12, 2023. ISSN 1029-3019.


Common acne is the most frequent disease in adolescents and young adults; it constitutes a chronic obstructive and inflammatory state of pilosebaceous follicles, characterized by the formation of inflammatory lesions.


To identify the risk factors and comorbidities associated to grade I and II common acne and its psychosocial impact.


An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study of 50 patients with grade I-II common acne was carried out; they were assisted at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2018 to the same period in 2020. The risk factors and comorbidities associated with the dermatoses were valued, as well as the onset time of them.


In the series there was a prevalence of the 18-24 age group and the female sex (60.0%, respectively), the anxiety (58.0%), seborrheic state of the skin and toxic habits (44.0% each one). Also, the school level of technician and mixed race (60.0% each one), accompanied as marital status (44.0%), the urban origin (88.0%), as well as those affected with evolution of the disease between 4 to 12 months, without family pathological history, as well as endocrine disorders as the comorbidities associated with the dermatoses.


A great part of the patients presented, as risk factors, some emotional event of anxiety and seborrheic state of the skin related to the acne, which were associated with endocrine-metabolic comorbidities.

Keywords : acne vulgaris; risk factors; comorbidities; secondary health care.

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