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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3003


JIMENEZ ACOSTA, Santa et al. Changes in the nutritional status of adult cuban population from different regions of Cuba. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2012, vol.50, n.1, pp.4-13. ISSN 1561-3003.

Introduction: The epidemiologic situation of the developed countries and most of developing ones is characterized by a high prevalence of non-communicable diseases. The nutritional status of population plays a significant role in the maintenance of health status. Objective: To analyze the changes occurred in the obesity prevalence and chronic energy deficiency in Cuban regions. Methods: Authors analyzed the results of the chronic energy deficiency and of excess weight and obesity obtained from stratified samples and from polihepatitis conglomerates from the First and the Second National Survey of Risk Factors and Non-Communicable Diseases carried out in subjects of both sexes, aged over 15 during 1995 and 2001, respectively. The excess weight was estimated as well as the chronic energy deficiency for western, central and eastern regions of our country in both periods and the reasons of ratios adjusted by age and sex to assess the effect of time on the appearance of excess weight and obesity and to verify the effect of live in different regions of the country on the appearance of excess weight and chronic energy deficiency. Results: There was a decrease of chronic energy deficiency in the study regions and also an increase of excess weight and obesity from 1995 to 2001. The great increment of obesity was obvious in the western region demonstrating that 1995 year was protector of obesity in relation to 2001 (OR = 0.64; CI = 0.59-0.69), whereas for the chronic energy deficiency there was not a significant association (OR = 0.93; CI = 0.81-1.06). Conclusions: Data found suggest that the excess weight and obesity frequency is increasing in Cuban population and that there is a worsening of this problem in Cuba. There are marked geographic variations whose determinants are not fully known yet.

Keywords : Chronic energy deficiency; excess weight; obesity; prevalence.

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