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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3003


VARONA PEREZ, Patricia  and  GRUPO ESPECIAL DE TRABAJO (GET) PARA LA PREVENCION Y MANEJO DEL CANCER DE PULMON et al. A form designed to prevent and to manage the lung cancer in Cuba, 2010. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2012, vol.50, n.1, pp.37-47. ISSN 1561-3003.

Introduction: The lung cancer is a serious health problem in Cuba affecting both sexes. Its high incidence and mortality have a trend to increase more evident in women. Its diagnosis frequently is made in the advanced stages. Objectives: To standardize procedures allowing from the primary level of care a procedure organized for prevention and management of lung cancer emphasizing the persons in risk, as well as to contribute to reduce the late diagnosis of disease. Methods: To construction of algorithm authors took into account the main risk factors of lung cancer and among them that of great contribution: smoking. A structured sequence of steps was organized including the implementation of "strategy" of three A (to find out, to encourage, to advice) proposed by WHO, suitable for our context and modified when it was applied for the first time in passive smokers. The form was submitted to validation according to the expert criteria. Results: An algorithm was designed from the exploration of main risk factors of lung cancer, directed to systematize a preventive behavior of smoking, as well as the management systematics of individual in risk with the active participation of family physician and nurse over all the care process. The result of validation was satisfactory and the expert recommendations were incorporated. Final considerations: To achieve the diagnosis in earlier stages of disease and of the contribution to reduction of morbility and mortality which are challenges of current Cuban public health, we must to take into account the proposal of this form of prevention and appropriate management of lung cancer from the primary care level.

Keywords : Lung cancer; primary care level; lung cancer diagnosis.

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