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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3003


JORLEN GALIANO, Idalia et al. Participation educational strategies against smoking by those make health decisions, Camagüey, 2011. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2012, vol.50, n.1, pp.97-103. ISSN 1561-3003.

Smoking is the leading cause of death at world scale. It accounts for five millions yearly and this figure will be higher than eight millions for 2030. Camagüey province shows statistic data reflecting an increase of the 2,5% of deceased persons due to malignant tumors regarding the past year and the location in trachea, bronchi and lung remained in relation to smokers in a high percentage. Independently of the participation-educational strategies in community, it is necessary to increase in those making health decisions the level of knowledges and the participation in the fulfillment of that legislated on the smoking control, with the protection to persons from the cigarette smoking of others in health centers during 2011-2012, being the objective of present research. With a cross-sectional description the participation-educational strategy was implemented. Universe included 36 decision makers and the total of sample was 26, to whom a informed consent was requested. Authors took into account the ethical criteria of volition and confidentially. The data obtained included the level of knowledge and the fulfillment of legal practices. The design and validation of this tool was in charge of a group of specialists from the Provincial Center of Promotion and Health Education. It was significant the insufficient knowledge of the legislation on the smoking regulation in health institutions and the lack of knowledge of functioning of trade unions in the fight against smoking and of the cessation services, thus it was designed a plan of action with participation activities and training. To date all the actions planned were fulfilled with the health staff convened.

Keywords : Smoking; knowledge on 360 ministerial resolution; action and participation.

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