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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3003

Abstract

PEDROSO FLAQUET, Plácido et al. Role played by the Cuban research team in the identification of the origin of the cholera epidemic in Haiti. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2013, vol.51, n.3, pp.311-319. ISSN 1561-3003.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to conduct field epidemiological research into the appearance of profuse acute watery diarrhea and the corresponding epidemiological control. Methods: An analysis was made of the outbreak of this disease with the participation of Cuban health personnel working in the commune of Mirebalais. Data and criteria were exchanged with the Haitian Departmental Director of Health. When all the required information had been gathered, the epidemiological research started. A chronology was developed of the occurrence of cases of the disease in the commune of Mirebalais, in the Central Department. Hospitalization areas were inspected and their clinical status checked. Other measures were instructed aimed at the prevention and control of similar cases. The Cuban research team visited, inspected and examined the settlements with cases or deaths caused by the epidemiological event, and a field environmental analysis was conducted. Results: The swift and timely alert issued by the Cuban medical brigade about the unusual increase in cases of profuse acute watery diarrhea made it possible to conduct the research and adopt the measures required to prevent and control the epidemiological outbreak. Conclusions: The Cuban research team had the merit of identifying at an early stage the origin and the true place where the first cholera cases appeared during the Haiti epidemic.

Keywords : epidemiological research; profuse acute watery diarrhea.

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