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Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3003


MASSIP NICOT, Tania; MASSIP NICOT, Juliette  and  ARNOLD DOMINGUEZ, Yuri. Characterization of biosocial variables of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the municipality of Plaza de la Revolución, 1986-2010. Rev Cubana Hig Epidemiol [online]. 2014, vol.52, n.1, pp.44-57. ISSN 1561-3003.

Introduction: sexually transmitted infections are infectious contagious diseases characterized by a wide range of clinical symptoms and etiologies. Objectives: Determine the most affected population groups and identify the main biosocial characteristics of people living with HIV-AIDS (PHIV-AIDS) in the municipality of Plaza de la Revolución. Methods: a descriptive study was conducted based on a review of the epidemiological history and medical records of 348 patients diagnosed with HIV-AIDS and cared for at decentralized consultation services in the municipality of Plaza de la Revolución from 1986 to 2010. The statistical analysis consisted in the estimation of absolute and relative frequencies for each study variable, using the statistical software SPSS v. 11.5. The variables studied were age group, schooling, sexual orientation, screening group, retrovirus and health area. Results: most patients were in the 20-39 age group. This applied to both sexes. The highest proportion of PHIV-AIDS in the municipality of Plaza were attending junior or senior high school. There was a predominance of male homosexual and bisexual patients, followed by heterosexual patients of both sexes. All female patients were heterosexual. One of the main risk groups in the municipality was men who have sex with other men. Most diagnoses were achieved by screening, followed by contact group and hospital admission. Conclusions: information methods should be analyzed with a view to improving risk perception and disseminating knowledge about the characteristics of these diseases and the behavior required to prevent them. Efforts should be mainly directed to men who have sex with other men and the 20-39 age group, as well as patients from the most affected polyclinics.

Keywords : HIV-AIDS; epidemiology; sex; man.

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