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Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

On-line version ISSN 1561-3194


DIAZ GARRIGA, Rosa Eugenia; MARTINEZ GONZALEZ, Luis Raúl; PEREZ RODRIGUEZ, Dianelys  and  PEREZ, Caridad. Primary cardiac tumors. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.5, pp.196-206. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: primary cardiac tumors are those having their origin in the myocardium or pericardium. The 90% are benign, not invasive, but due to their location they can cause severe hemodynamic alterations and arrhythmias. Case report: two patients, carriers of cardiac tumors that were diagnosed in prenatal stages, a 32 year-old pregnant woman, carrier of a Neurofibromatosis, in the fetal echography of her child, two types of cardiac tumors were identified: an atrial myxoma and a fibroma, along with a fetus who presented a rhabdomyoma that was diagnosed during the prenatal stage and confirmed at birth having a spontaneous remission. Conclusions: more frequently fetal echocardiography makes possible the intrauterine diagnosis of cardiac tumors. Rhabdomyomas have a spontaneous remission in more than 50% of the cases, but they can be a marker of Tuberous Sclerosis. Cardiac tumors are associated with other congenital affections and require surgical treatment. All these aspects must be considered to accomplish genetic counseling to the family.

Keywords : Myocardium; Neoplasms; Genetic counseling; Echocardiography; Fetus.

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