SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.17 issue6Pericardial Lipoma: a case report author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río

On-line version ISSN 1561-3194


MARTINEZ MARTINEZ, Armando; MIRANDA MARTINEZ, Deysi  and  CRESPO TOLEDO, Yamilka. Abraham Flexner, Benjamin Bloom and Fidel Ilizástigui Dupuy: paradigms of American medical education. Rev Ciencias Médicas [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.6, pp.202-216. ISSN 1561-3194.

Introduction: the 20th century was rich in experiences in the training of human resources in health care, from the teacher-centered pragmatic-academicistic teaching with the pasive-reproductive role of the student, to models with a broader and more flexible curricular design, derived from the desired professional model, in which the protagonism of learning is for the learner, and the teacher becomes more a facilitating agent of teaching, aspiring a graduate with competence for prevention in health care, promotion, recuperation and rehabilitation. To create this new model requires a real change in the educational paradigm of the academic environment. Objective: to assess educational contributions in medical education in the Americas of Abraham Flexner, Benjamin Bloom and Fidel Ilizástigui Dupuy, and their contribution to the development of the teaching of Medical Sciences for use by the group of teachers. Development: short bibliographical data was highlited: main contributions to the teaching of medicine in the historical moment lived by each of them, and some critical references to their works. Conclusions: It has been concluded that these three personalities from the 20th century contributed to the development of medical sciences in the Americas, and thanks to their devotion and perseverance there has been a way from pragmatic and fragmented models to a superior student-centered medical education integrated with a communitary approach trascending the 21st century.

Keywords : Medical education; Health education; Teaching.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License