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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921


HERNANDEZ MARIN, Carmen Alicia; GONZALEZ FORTES, Bertha; YERO MIER, Ileana  and  RIVADENEIRA OBREGON, Ana M.. Dental Caries and oral hygiene in adolescents between 12 and 15 years. Northern Area, Sancti Spíritus. 2010. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.1, pp.03-09. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background: Dental caries is a multifactor disease and causes the deltal loss in early ages. Objective : to identify the behavior of dental caries and oral hygiene in adolescents between 12 and 15 from the doctors´ offices 3 and 4 in the northern area, Sancti Spíritus, in a period from September to December 2010. Methodology: A transversal descriptive study was carried out. A population of 346 adolescents and a simple of 109 with inclusion criteria. The following variables were included, age, sex, rate of caries, lost and filled teeth, oral health, teeth affected by caries. A dental examination to each adolescent and the making of a patient file was carried out. Results: The majority of adolescents had dental caries, feminine sex prevailed and the ages between 14 and 15 years. The rate of caries, filled and lost of permanent teeth had a value of 5,3 and the molar were the dental organs of most frequency of caries. Conclusions: Feminine sex in adolescents had a great prevalence of dental caries associated to poor dental or oral hygiene, high rate of caries, filled and lost teeth and molars as the major dental organ affected.

Keywords : dental caries; oral hygiene; adolescents.

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