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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921

Abstract

DIAZ GUTIERREZ, Cira Delia et al. Ergonomics and muscle skeletal disorders in dentists from Sancti Spíritus municipality. 2011. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.1, pp.75-82. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background: Muscle skeletal disorders are one of the most important problems of health at work and dentists are a group at high risk. Objective: to describe the muscle skeletal disorders in dentists and their knowledge about the ergonomic principles. Methodology : A transversal descriptive work was carried out from September 2011 to July 2012 in Sancti Spíritus municipality. 81 dentists were studied and the variables were pain presence, time at work in the dentist's chair, medical treatment received, muscle skeletal disorders and knowledge about the ergonomic principles. For the analysis of the results the percentage analyses was used. Results: neck pain, upper part of the back and shoulders were the most frequent disorders in 7 days and 1 year periods increasing according to the hours at work in the dentist's chair, therefore the majority of dentists studied disclaim the principles of ergonomics. Conclusions : there are muscle skeletal disorders which reach major values according to the increase of hours in the dentist's chair. It was evidenced that there are doubts by the professionals about the principles of ergonomics.

Keywords : muscle skeletal disorders; ergonomics; dentists.

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