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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921


MOSQUERA BETANCOURT, Gretel  and  HERNANDEZ GONZALEZ, Erick Héctor. General aspects of sacrococcygeal tumors. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.3, pp.234-248. ISSN 1608-8921.

Background: tumors arising from sacrococcygeal region are weird and represent from one to seven percent of primary spinal tumors. However diagnosis and treatment are a challenge for the surgical staff because of the anatomic relations complexity and the more frequent lesions biological features. Objective: a review of the literature was done to update and systematize the knowledge about general aspects of sacrococcygeal tumors. Development: they are more frequent in male young adults, unspecific low back pain is the onset symptom and muscle weakness, sense deficit and sphincter disturbances join up later progressively. They can be epidural or intradural, primary or secondary, neoplastics or not and they could arise from soft tissues or bone structure. Age and location most be considered to evaluate malignant potential. CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging are the confirmatory tests and allow surgical approach selection. The most frequent affections are chordoma, aneurismal bone cyst and giant cell tumor. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can support surgery according to histology. Conclusions: precocious diagnosis needs to be suspected before unspecific symptoms. Sacrococcygeal tumors treatment most be multidisciplinary and multimodal to assure better prognosis and patient´s life expectancy increasing.

Keywords : sacrococcygeal region; neoplams; tumors surgery; soft tissue neoplasms; diagnosis; tomography spiral computed; early detection of cancer.

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