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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921


PEREZ FUENTES, Maydel  and  BRAVO SEIJAS, Beatriz. Xerostomia in Marianao municipality geriatric population in 2017. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.3, pp.24-33. ISSN 1608-8921.


Xerostomia is a health problem in a part of the geriatric population, at present, there is a worldwide tendency to increase it in developing countries.


To characterize the behavior of the xerostomia in the geriatric population, at the Aged Community House in Marianao municipality.


Descriptive and cross-sectional study in 59 patients belonging to the aged home community. The variables used were: age, sex, salivary secretion, drug consumption and oral diseases.


93.2% of the population corresponded to the female sex, the most affected age was between 70 and 79 years (30.5%), the most consumed drugs were the antihypertensive drugs (55.3%) and diuretics (35.7%), 40.6% of patients who presented xerostomia suffer from masticatory dysfunction.


The female sex predominated with xerostomia and the study group is mostly exposed to polypharmacy, reducing the salivary flow and affecting the masticatory dysfunction.

Keywords : Xerostomia; aged; elderly; geriatric patient.

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