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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921


RODRIGUEZ MONTERO, Pedra et al. Clinical and epidemiological characterization in visual impaired patients due to retinitis pigmentosa. Sancti Spíritus. 2009-2019. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.2, pp.42-50.  Epub Aug 02, 2020. ISSN 1608-8921.


Retinitis pigmentosa is a cause of visual impairment that causes psychological and social alterations to the patient.


To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics in visual impaired patients due to retinitis pigmentosa in Sancti Spíritus province.


A descriptive study was carried out, which included 140 visual impaired patients affected by retinitis pigmentosa.


The age group between 29 and 56 years old was the most affected (78.1 %), 65 % were male, white skin predominated (87.1 %), cataract stood out as an eye condition (13.6 %), 16.4 % presented arterial hypertension; most of the disabled did not present toxic habits (55 %), early debut prevailed in 70 % of cases. The typical form of the disease was observed in 98.5 % of patients, 67 % showed a clinical stage of grade IV disease, as well as autosomal recessive inheritance in 36.4 %.


Prevalence of patients in the age groups between 29 and 56 years, male, white skin color; cataract as the most frequent ocular pathology together with arterial hypertension within systemic diseases; the majority of the disabled patients did not show toxic habits. Early debut, typical form, stage IV disease, and autosomal dominant inheritance prevailed in the study.

Keywords : Visual impaired patients; visually impaired persons; retinitis pigmentosa; inheritance; inheritance patterns; stage; debut; toxic habits.

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