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Gaceta Médica Espirituana

On-line version ISSN 1608-8921


ALBERNA CARDOSO, Aymé; ESCALONA SABORIT, Denier J.; GOIRE GUEVARA, Geordán  and  ALVAREZ ZALDIVAR, Antonio Angel. Clinical epidemiological characterization of the lower face acute myocardial infarction extended to the right ventricle in Ciego de Ávila. Gac Méd Espirit [online]. 2020, vol.22, n.2, pp.61-71.  Epub Aug 02, 2020. ISSN 1608-8921.


Ischemic heart disease is one of the main health problems in both developed and developing countries, one of the most prevalent diseases in the world and with higher mortality. Every year, millions of people are admitted to the emergency services for consulting reasons related to the cardiovascular system; of these admissions, a large proportion corresponds to acute myocardial infarction.


To describe the epidemiological clinical characteristics of patients with lower acute myocardial infarction with extension to the right ventricle.


An observational, descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 46 hospitalized patients in the Cardiology Room at the General Provincial Teaching Hospital “Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola”, Ciego de Ávila province, from July 2016 to June 2019 and who had the criteria established in the study.


In the majority of patients, the predominant risk factors were hypertension and diabetes mellitus, in the age group between 60 and 69 years of male sex. The most frequent form of presentation was precordial pain and the complication was atrioventricular block. A high percentage of the patients received thrombolytic therapy.


Prevailed patients between 60 and 69 years of age, male and with a history of high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. The most frequent complication was ventricular atrium block and its presentation was precordial pain. A high number of patients received thrombolytic treatment.

Keywords : Acute myocardial infarction; right ventricular infarction; cardiovascular disease; lower face infarction; heart ventricles; thrombolytic therapy; atrioventricular block; atrial fibrillation; risk factors.

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