Revista Médica Electrónica
On-line version ISSN 1684-1824
GONZALO ZAMBRANO, Rubén Darío et al. Prognostic and predictive factors of the breast cancer impact at the Matanzas Provincial Oncology Unit. Rev. Med. Electrón. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.5, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1684-1824.
We carried out a descriptive study of prevalence or cross sectional study to assess predictive and prognostic factors of the breast cancer from recidivism in 406 women treated at the Matanzas Provincial Oncology Unit, and remitted from provincial and territorial hospitals, since January 2004 to December 2008. Data were collected from clinical records and biopsy informs, processed with the Epi Info System, Version 6.04. There was a higher incidence of the breast cancer in post-menopausal women and a higher aggressiveness in pre-menopausal women. Almost half of the patients were diagnosed in the precocious stage and there was a high index of recidivism, mainly in advanced stages. The invasive lobular carcinoma presented more recidivists, while the tubular one had a better prognosis; the ductal carcinoma in situ and the lobular carcinoma in situ had more recurrences than they were expected. The conservative surgery showed a higher number of recidivists in distance than the modified radical mastectomy, while the last one showed local recidivism (2,1 %) and the first, no one; the conservative one was related with a high percent of disease persistence, in which the compromised section edges. The ganglion status, tumour size and histological level were pointed out as the main anatomic-pathological prognosis facts, but not the hormonal receptors. There it was a good answer to tamoxifen and to CMF (cyclophosphamide, metothrexate and 5 flouracil) cycles. In conclusion, we demonstrated the influence of the modifiable and non-modifiable prognostic and predictive facts on the high index of recidivism and recommend taking measures to improve those indicators.
Keywords : BREAST NEOPLASMS [epidemiology]; RISK FACTORS; PROGNOSIS; PREDICTIVE VALUE OF TESTS ; CANCER CARE FACILITIES; EPIDEMIOLOGY DESCRIPTIVE; CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES; HUMANS; FEMALE; ADULT.