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Revista Médica Electrónica

On-line version ISSN 1684-1824


MONTELL HERNANDEZ, Oscar Antonio et al. Non terminal chronic renal disease in pediatric age patients entered and followed in the Nephrology consultation. Rev. Med. Electrón. [online]. 2013, vol.35, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction: the chronic renal disease is considered a world health problem affecting almost 10 % of the population, it is under diagnosed and supposes an important morbidity. Objectives: determining the incidence of the infantile chronic renal disease in the province of Matanzas, describing the natural history of the disease, studying those factors that may influence in its course, and creating the bases for elaborating a standard protocol for the surveillance and treatment of these patients. Methods: we carried out a transversal, descriptive research, in the teaching Pediatric provincial Hospital of Matanzas, in the period from January 1st 2000 to December 31st 2011. To develop it, we took into consideration the clinical data of children aged 0-18 years old, who entered the hospital and were followed in consultations of Nephrology during the period and were diagnosed a renal disease with risk factors for presenting a chronic renal disease.  Results: from 22 diagnosed patients, the chronic renal disease was predominant in the male sex, and 41 % of the cases were diagnosed in ages between 13 and 18 years old. The most frequent causes we found  were the reflux nephropathy (40,9 %) followed by the structural anomalies (31,8 %). 47 % of the patients presented anemia, and 41,2 % arterial hypertension in the last assessment. 50 % of the diagnosed patients are under pre-dialytic treatment.   Conclusions: we presented the first study on chronic renal disease, emphasizing the causal agents, the indicators of possible progressive damage, and the evolution of the chronic renal disease among the pediatric population of the province.

Keywords : chronic renal disease; pediatric population; epidemiology; prevalence; co-morbidity.

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