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Revista Médica Electrónica

On-line version ISSN 1684-1824

Abstract

TAPANES ACOSTA, Miriet et al. Anatomic variants of sella turcica in lateral crania radiographies. Hospital “Faustino Pérez¨, 2017-2018. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.4, pp.879-888.  Epub Aug 30, 2019. ISSN 1684-1824.

Introduction:

several authors declare that sella turcica morphology is a predisposing factor to several diseases. For example, it is considered that there is a correlation between the morphology of this anatomical structure and several pathologies like empty sella turcica syndrome, Williams syndrome, cleft palate and others.

Objective:

to describe the anatomical variants of sella turcica observed in side cranial radiographies of the University Hospital ¨Faustino Perez¨ of Matanzas, in the period January 2017-January 2018.

Materials and methods:

the universe was 140 side cranial radiography: 85 belonged to female patients and 55 to male patients. The studied variables were age, sex and sella turcica anatomical variables. Theoretic and empirical methods were used.

Results:

it was observed a predominance of the U-shaped sella turcica anatomical variant in both sexes, followed by the J-shaped one. The U-shaped form predominated in the 41-50-years-old age-group and the J-shaped form in patients elder than 60 years.

Conclusions:

it is essential to know sella turcica normal anatomy and its anatomical variables, both for the surgical specialties and for the non-surgical ones. It is necessary the exhaustive analysis of this structure to establish parameters excluding several pathologies.

Keywords : sella turcica; anatomical variants; morphological changes.

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