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Revista Médica Electrónica

On-line version ISSN 1684-1824


TAPANES ACOSTA, Miriet et al. Anatomic variants of sella turcica in lateral crania radiographies. Hospital “Faustino Pérez¨, 2017-2018. Rev.Med.Electrón. [online]. 2019, vol.41, n.4, pp.879-888.  Epub Aug 30, 2019. ISSN 1684-1824.


several authors declare that sella turcica morphology is a predisposing factor to several diseases. For example, it is considered that there is a correlation between the morphology of this anatomical structure and several pathologies like empty sella turcica syndrome, Williams syndrome, cleft palate and others.


to describe the anatomical variants of sella turcica observed in side cranial radiographies of the University Hospital ¨Faustino Perez¨ of Matanzas, in the period January 2017-January 2018.

Materials and methods:

the universe was 140 side cranial radiography: 85 belonged to female patients and 55 to male patients. The studied variables were age, sex and sella turcica anatomical variables. Theoretic and empirical methods were used.


it was observed a predominance of the U-shaped sella turcica anatomical variant in both sexes, followed by the J-shaped one. The U-shaped form predominated in the 41-50-years-old age-group and the J-shaped form in patients elder than 60 years.


it is essential to know sella turcica normal anatomy and its anatomical variables, both for the surgical specialties and for the non-surgical ones. It is necessary the exhaustive analysis of this structure to establish parameters excluding several pathologies.

Keywords : sella turcica; anatomical variants; morphological changes.

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